Physical Characteristics

Davao Oriental: The Gateway to the Pacific

Davao Oriental is a promising tourism and investment destination located in the easternmost part of Southern Mindanao. It ranges about 189.30 in kilometers from its common boundaries. It is bounded by the Pacific Ocean in the East, Davao Province in the West, Agusan del Sur and Surigao del Sur in the North and Davao Gulf and Celebes Sea in the South. Its proximity to the Pacific strategically places it as the gateway to the Pacific.

With a total of 5,164 square kilometers, Davao Oriental is the biggest province in Davao Region contributing around 32.82% to the total regional land area.

Political Subdivision and Land Area
The province is composed of two congressional districts covering eleven (11) municipalities. District I comprises the municipalities of Boston, Cateel, Baganga, Caraga, Manay and Tarragona while District II includes Lupon, Banaybanay, Mati, San Isidro and Governor Generoso and these are further subdivided into 183 barangays. 

The City of Mati is the seat of the Provincial Government being the capital of the province.

The province has a total land area of 5,164 square kilometers representing 16.21 percent of the total land area of Region XI. Baganga has the largest land area with 1,177.10 square kilometers, while San Isidro has the smallest with only 205.20 square kilometers.

The diverse natural resources including forests and agricultural products, mineral resources and tourist spots are sources of potential industries, investments possibilities and employment opportunities. These resources have already been tapped for support purposes, but utilization of the same are yet to be fully maximized. Presently, various areas are now being identified and promoted for eco-tourism development. Centers for information on potential investments are also put in place.


The eastern coast of the Province is fringed with mountain ranges, while the rest of the areas have uneven distribution of hills, swamps and lowlands. In general, about 493.68 km2 are classified as lowlands, 235.90 km2 as uplands; 2,263,48 km2 as hilly lands; and about 2,154.35 as mountainous. The remaining 17.05 km2 are covered by creeks, braided river beds, lakes and quarries.


The elevation of 0 to 300 meters above sea level is 24.8 percent of the total land area of the province and 500 m and above sea level elevation is 37.6 percent.


The area of the land in the 0-18% slope range that is highly suitable for agricultural purposes is 31.2% of the total land area while those in the 30-50% slope range is 39.3% of the total land area. .

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Province of Davao Oriental
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